Portuguese arrive in the Gabon area, establishing trade in the country.
The French gain sovereignty over Gabon.
Libreville, the current capital, is established by freed slaves.
Gabon becomes one of the territories of the French Equatorial Africa federation.
Gabon becomes independent.
A military coup topples the elected president; French forces restore him the next day.
A new constitution is adopted that contains a bill of rights and establishes a government advisory board, an independent judiciary, and a multi-party system.