Ghana: Government

Republic of Ghana Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Ghana

Key Figures

Chief of State: President John Dramani Mahama

Head of Government: President John Dramani Mahama

Overview

Government Name: Republic of Ghana

Constitution: Adopted: 1992; Declares Ghana as a unitary multi-party republic with sovereignty; separation and balance of powers through executive, legislative, and an independent judiciary branch; prevents future coups from establishing dictatorial government; and outlines the form of government.

Government Type: Consitutional Democracy

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

President is the head of state, government, and the armed forces. President appoints the vice president and has veto power.

The president is elected by majority vote by a two-round system.

4 years

Judicial

The supreme court is responsible for judicial review.

Members are appointed by the president upon advice of the judicial council.

Judges can retire at age 60, mandatory retirement age of 70

Legislative

Parliament creates legislature.

Seats are elected by plurality vote in single member constituencies.

4 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Ghana is active in the United Nations and many of its specialized agencies, as well as the World Trade Organization, the African Union (AU), and the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). Ghana follows the consensus of the Non-Aligned Movement and the AU on economic and political issues that do not directly affect its own interests. Ghana has played an increasingly active role in sub-regional affairs including prominent roles in ECOWAS and the African Union. Ghana is a critically important peacekeeping partner and is the largest African peacekeeping contributor nation.

Regional Trade Blocs: ECOWAS

Treaties: Peace and Security Council


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ACP AfDB AU C ECOWAS EITI
FAO G-24 G-77 IAEA IBRD ICAO
ICC ICRM IDA IFAD IFC IFRCS
ILO IMF IMO IMSO Interpol IOC
IOM IPU ISO ITSO ITU ITUC
MIGA MINURSO MINUSMA MONUSCO NAM OAS
OIF OPCW UN UNAMID UNCTAD UNESCO
UNHCR UNIDO UNIFIL UNISFA UNMIL UNMISS
UNOCI UNWTO UPU WCO WFTU WHO
WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Environmental Modification
Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea Marine Life Conservation Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Tropical Timber 06
Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Ghana Revenue Authority

Tax Name: VAT


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary