Guinea-Bissau: Government

Republic of Guinea-Bissau Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Guinea-Bissau

Key Figures

Chief of State: President José Mário Vaz

Head of Government: Prime Minister Domingos Simões Pereira


Government Name: Republic of Guinea-Bissau

Constitution: Adopted: 1984; Establishes a semi-presidential representative democratic republic, separation of powers among executive and legislative branches with judicial being independent.

Government Type: Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide,

The president and prime minister are responsible for executive tasks constituting the executive branch of government.

The presidents is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system.

5 years


Responsible for supreme court decisions and constituting the judicial branch of government.

Nominated by the higher council of the magistrate, then appointed by the president.

Life appointment


The people’s national assembly is responsible for constituting the legislative branch of government.

102 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system.

4 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Guinea-Bissau follows a nonaligned foreign policy and seeks friendly and cooperative relations with a wide variety of states and organizations. Angola, Cuba, the European Union, France, The Gambia, Portugal, Brazil, Mauritania, Nigeria, People's Republic of China, Libya, Senegal, Spain, Guinea, and Russia have embassies in Bissau. Belgium, Canada, Germany, the Netherlands, Italy, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the U.S. conduct diplomatic relations with Guinea-Bissau through their embassies in neighboring Dakar, Senegal.

Regional Trade Blocs: ECOWAS

Treaties: Peace and Security Council

Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.