Hong Kong: Government

Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China Flag
Coat of Arms of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China

Key Figures

Chief of State: President of China Xi Jinping

Head of Government: Chief Executive Leung Chun-ying

Overview

Government Name: Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China

Constitution: Adopted: 1990; Establishes sovereignty as a special administrative region of the People's Republic of China; high autonomy of the region; protected from the socialist system policies of China; and maintains common law.

Government Type: Limited Democracy

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The president of China is head of state. The chief executive is responsible for constituting the executive branch of government.

Indirect vote by 800-member election committee. The chief executive is indirectly elected by an electoral college of 1200 members.

5 years

Judicial

Responsible for constituting the judicial branch of government.

Appointed by the chief executive.

Mandatory retirement age of 65

Legislative

Responsible for constituting the legislative branch of government.

35 seats are elected by plurality vote and another 25 through a closed-list proportional representation system.

4 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: According to Article 13 of the Basic Law, Hong Kong's foreign relations and defense are the responsibility of China. However, Hong Kong is a customs territory and economic entity separate from the rest of China and is able to enter into international agreements on its own behalf in commercial and economic matters. Hong Kong, independently of China, participates as a full member of numerous international economic organizations including the World Trade Organization (WTO), the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation forum (APEC), and the Financial Action Task Force (FATF). It is an articulate and effective champion of free markets and the reduction of trade barriers.

Regional Trade Blocs: APEC

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ADB APEC BIS ESCAP FATF ICC
IHO IMF IMO Interpol IOC ISO
ITUC UNWTO UPU WCO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Marine Dumping Ship Pollution

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary