Indonesia: Government

Republic of Indonesia Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Indonesia

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Joko Widodo

Head of Government: President Joko Widodo

Overview

Government Name: Republic of Indonesia

Constitution: Adopted: 1949; Was abrogated by the Federal Constitution of 1949 and the Provisional Constitution of 1950, but restored in 1959. Covers basic topics including the role, function, and structure of government; basic rights of citizens; and nationwide cultural standards.

Government Type: Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The president heads the United Indonesia Cabinet and is also head of state, commander-in-chief, and responsible for domestic governance, policy-making and foreign affairs.

The president is elected by absolute majority vote.

5 years

Judicial

The Mahkamah Agung (supreme court) is the highest level of the judicial branch. The constitutional court rules on constitutional and political matters, while the judicial commission oversees the judges.

Supreme court judges are nominated by a judicial commission and appointed by the president with the concurrence of parliament. The constitutional court has nominations from the president, supreme court, and parliament. Its judges are appointed by the president.

Life appointment

Legislative

The Majelis Permusyawaratan Rakyat and the Dewan Perwakilan Rakya serve as the two legislative bodies for Indonesia.

Dewan Perwakilan Daerah are elected by single non-transferable vote. The Dewan Perwakilan Rakya are elected by open-list proportional representation in multi-member constituencies.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Indonesia is focused on maintaining and building economic and political cooperation with the Western world. Indonesia maintains close relationships with its neighbors in Asia and is also a founding member of ASEAN and the East Asia Summit as well as a member of the United Nations, the World Trade Organization, and OPEC.

Regional Trade Blocs: APEC, ASEAN

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ADB APEC ARF ASEAN BIS CD
CICA CP D-8 EAS EITI ESCAP
FAO G-11 G-15 G-20 G-77 IAEA
IBRD ICAO ICC ICRM IDA IDB
IFAD IFC IFRCS IHO ILO IMF
IMO IMSO Interpol IOC IOM IPU
ISO ITSO ITU ITUC MIGA MONUSCO
NAM OECD OIC OPCW PIF UN
UNAMID UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO UNIFIL UNISFA
UNMIL UNMISS UNWTO UPU WCO WFTU
WHO WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Hazardous Wastes
Law of the Sea Marine Life Conservation Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Tropical Timber 06 Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: The Directorate General of Taxes

Tax Name: VAT


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary