Iran: History

  1. 636

    Arab invasion of the Persian Empire brings an end to the Sassanid dynasty.

  2. 1220

    Mongol forces of Genghis Khan conquer Persia, making it a part of the Ilkhanate.

  3. 1794

    The Qajar dynasty is formed, restoring stability to Persia after decades of turmoil.

  4. 1828

    Persia cedes control of Caucasus to Russia following the second Russo-Persian war.

  5. 1935

    Iran replaces Persia as the country's official name.

  6. 1951

    Parliament votes to nationalize Iran's oil industry.

  7. 1979

    Islamic militants take 52 Americans hostage inside the US embassy in Tehran and demand that the Shah be extradited from the United States to face trial in Iran.

  8. 1980

    The Iran-Iraq war begins.

  9. 1981

    The American hostages are released after being held captive for 444 days.

  10. 1988

    Iran accepts a ceasefire agreement with Iraq after UN-mediated negotiations in Geneva.

  11. 1990

    Iran and Iraq restore diplomatic ties.

  12. 1995

    The United States imposes trade and oil sanctions on Iran over Iran's alleged sponsorship of terrorism.

  13. 2002

    Construction of Iran's first nuclear reactor begins despite strong objections from the US.

  14. 2004

    In a deal with the European Union, Iran agrees to suspend most of its uranium enrichment.

  15. 2012

    A boycott of Iranian oil exports by the European Union comes into effect.

  16. 2012

    The value of Iran's currency, the Rial, continues to plummet as a result of international sanctions.


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