Kosovo: Government

Republic of Kosovo Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Kosovo

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Hashim Thaçi

Head of Government: Prime Minister Isa Mustafa


Government Name: Republic of Kosovo

Constitution: Adopted: 2008; Established a strong parliamentary republic which separated the three branches of governments, and outlined the freedoms of its citizens.

Government Type: Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/

The president is the head of state representing unity of the people. The prime minister is in charge of exercising the day-to-day executory tasks of the government.

Elected by parliament.

5 years


Highest court of the land and decides on issues regarding the constitution.

Supreme court judges are nominated by the Kosovo judicial council and are appointed by the president of Kosovo. Constitutional court members are nominated by the Kosovo assembly and are appointed by the president of the republic.

Supreme Court: Serve until mandatory retirement age; Constitutional Court: 9 years


Passes laws; ratifies treaties; appoints the president, prime minister, and judges; and wields the most power in the government.

100 members are elected through an open-list proportional representation, while another 20 members are reserved to represent national minorities.

3 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Following its declaration of independence from Serbia in 2008, Kosovo established diplomatic relations with the United States. Among other international organizations, Kosovo has joined the International Monetary Fund, and the World Bank.

Regional Trade Blocs: CEFTA

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties

International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook


Note: Click table to see details

Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Note: Click table to see details

Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.