Kuwait: Government

State of Kuwait Flag
Coat of Arms of State of Kuwait

Key Figures

Chief of State: Amir Sabah IV Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah

Head of Government: Prime Minister Jaber Al-Mubarak Al-Hamad Al-Sabah


Government Name: State of Kuwait

Constitution: Adopted: 1962; Pillars of the Constitution are the sovereignty of the state, public freedom and equality before the law.

Government Type: Constitutional Emirate

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/

The emir appoints the prime minister, can dissolve parliament, and is the head of state. The prime minister is in charge of executing executive tasks for the emir.

The emir is chosen from within the ruling family and is confirmed by parliamentary vote. The emir then appoints the prime minister and deputy prime ministers.



The constitutional court can dissolve the national assembly and is in charge of interpreting the constitution.

Appointed by the emir upon recommendation of the supreme judicial council.

Until dismissal by executive branch


The national assembly is in charge of creating legislature, approving/disapproving the emir's appointments, and removing the emir from post.

50 members are elected by plurality vote in multi-member constituencies.

4 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Since liberation from Iraq, Kuwait has made efforts to secure allies throughout the world, particularly UN Security Council members. In addition to the United States, defense arrangements have been concluded with the United Kingdom, Russia, and France. Ties to other key Arab members of the Gulf War coalition--Egypt and Syria--also have been sustained.

Regional Trade Blocs: GCC

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties

Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.