Kuwait: Government

State of Kuwait Flag
Coat of Arms of State of Kuwait

Key Figures

Chief of State: Amir Sabah IV Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah

Head of Government: Prime Minister Jaber Al-Mubarak Al-Hamad Al-Sabah

Overview

Government Name: State of Kuwait

Constitution: Adopted: 1962; Pillars of the Constitution are the sovereignty of the state, public freedom and equality before the law.

Government Type: Constitutional Emirate

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The emir appoints the prime minister, can dissolve parliament, and is the head of state. The prime minister is in charge of executing executive tasks for the emir.

The emir is chosen from within the ruling family and is confirmed by parliamentary vote. The emir then appoints the prime minister and deputy prime ministers.

Hereditary

Judicial

The constitutional court can dissolve the national assembly and is in charge of interpreting the constitution.

Appointed by the emir upon recommendation of the supreme judicial council.

Until dismissal by executive branch

Legislative

The national assembly is in charge of creating legislature, approving/disapproving the emir's appointments, and removing the emir from post.

50 members are elected by plurality vote in multi-member constituencies.

4 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Since liberation from Iraq, Kuwait has made efforts to secure allies throughout the world, particularly UN Security Council members. In addition to the United States, defense arrangements have been concluded with the United Kingdom, Russia, and France. Ties to other key Arab members of the Gulf War coalition--Egypt and Syria--also have been sustained.

Regional Trade Blocs: GCC

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ABEDA AfDB AFESD AMF BDEAC CAEU
CD FAO G-77 GCC IAEA IBRD
ICAO ICC ICRM IDA IDB IFAD
IFC IFRCS IHO ILO IMF IMO
IMSO Interpol IOC IPU ISO ITSO
ITU ITUC LAS MIGA NAM OAPEC
OIC OPCW OPEC Paris Club PCA UN
UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO UNRWA UNWTO UPU
WCO WFTU WHO WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Environmental Modification
Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea Marine Dumping Ozone Layer Protection

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary