Kyrgyzstan: Government

Kyrgyz Republic Flag
Coat of Arms of Kyrgyz Republic

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Almazbek Atambayev

Head of Government: Prime Minister Sooronbay Jeenbekov

Overview

Government Name: Kyrgyz Republic

Constitution: Adopted: 2010; Introduces a strong parliament to the country, reducing the power of the historically strong president.

Government Type: Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

Approves prime minister nomination, and is in charge of executory tasks and vesting power in the prime minister.

Absolute majority vote through a two-round system.

5 years

Judicial

The supreme court is in charge of all judicial proceedings and is the highest court of the land. The constitutional court is in charge of interpreting the constitution.

Appointed by the supreme council on the recommendation of the president.

Supreme Court: 10 years; Constitutional Court: 15 years

Legislative

Nominates the prime minister and is in charge of creating legislature.

120 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: The Kyrgyz Republic maintains close relations with other former Soviet countries, particularly with Kazakhstan and Russia. The United States embassy opened in Bishkek in February 1992, and a Kyrgyzstani embassy was also established in Washington in 1992. Kyrgyzstan is a member of most major international bodies, including the UN, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), the World Bank, the IMF, and the EBRD. Kyrgyzstani has also joined the Asian Development Bank, the Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO), and the Islamic Bank.

Regional Trade Blocs: No Regional Trade Blocs.

Treaties: Shanghai Cooperation Organization, Collective Security Treaty Organization


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ADB CICA CIS CSTO EAEC EAPC
EBRD ECO EITI ESCAP FAO GCTU
IAEA IBRD ICAO ICC ICRM IDA
IDB IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO IMF
Interpol IOC IOM IPU ISO ITSO
ITU MIGA NAM OIC OPCW OSCE
PCA PFP SCO UN UNCTAD UNESCO
UNIDO UNISFA UNMIL UNMISS UNWTO UPU
WCO WFTU WHO WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Air Pollution Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Hazardous Wastes
Ozone Layer Protection Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary