Liberia: Government

Republic of Liberia Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Liberia

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf

Head of Government: President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf


Government Name: Republic of Liberia

Constitution: Adopted: 1986; Articles include information on the structure of the state, general principles of national policy, fundamental rights, citizenship, and the powers of the different branches of government.

Government Type: Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide,

In charge of executory tasks of the government and appoints cabinet with the task of assisting in day-to-day operations.

Absolute majority vote through a two-round system.

6 years


Supreme Court is the highest court of the land and has jurisdiction for all constitutional cases.

Appointed by the president of Liberia with consent of the Senate.

Mandatory retirement age of 70


Consisting of the Senate and House of Representatives, this branch confirms president's appointments and is in charge of creating legislature.

The Senate has 30 members elected by plurality vote in multi-member constituencies. The House of Representatives has 73 members elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies.

Senate: 9 years; House of Representatives: 6 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Liberia has taken steps to forge closer ties with Western countries, especially the United States. President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf has visited several Western countries, including the United Kingdom, Sweden, Norway, Spain, France, and Germany. President Johnson Sirleaf has also visited China and Libya.

Regional Trade Blocs: ECOWAS

Treaties: Peace and Security Council

Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.