Lithuania: History

  1. 1263

    Duke Mindaugas unites Baltic tribes and establishes the state of Lithuania.

  2. 1341

    Grand Duke Gediminas begins expansion of Lithuania into lands of eastern Slovakia and begins the Gediminas dynasty.

  3. 1569

    The Union of Lublin unites Lithuania and Poland as a joint state.

  4. 1795

    A partition divides Lithuania and Poland, and Lithuania is incorporated into the Russian Empire and Prussia.

  5. 1861

    Serfdom is abolished, leading to the development of a market economy.

  6. 1918

    Lithuania declares independence.

  7. 1940

    Lithuania is proclaimed a Soviet Socialist Republic after the Soviet army invades and occupies the country.

  8. 1941

    Nazis invade the U.S.S.R. and then Lithuania.

  9. 1944

    The Germans retreat and Lithuania is again occupied by the Soviet army.

  10. 1990

    Lithuania becomes the first Soviet Republic to declare its independence.

  11. 1991

    Lithuania joins the United Nations and the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe.

  12. 1992

    A new constitution introduces presidency, and a coalition government is formed.

  13. 1993

    Lithuania joins the Council of Europe and adopts the Litas as the national currency; Soviet troops completely withdraw.

  14. 2004

    Lithuania joins NATO and the European Union.


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