Lithuania: Government

Republic of Lithuania Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Lithuania

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Dalia Grybauskaite

Head of Government: Prime Minister Algirdas Butkevicius

Overview

Government Name: Republic of Lithuania

Constitution: Adopted: 1992; Serves as the legal foundation for all laws passed in the Republic of Lithuania. The modern constitution discusses human rights, government, parliament, the president, and the constitutional court.

Government Type: Parliamentary Democracy

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The president figure is head of government of Lithuania. The prime minister serves as the head of the executive arm of Lithuania's government.

The president is elected by plurality vote. The prime minister is appointed by the president with the approval of the Lithuanian Parliament.

5 years

Judicial

Supreme Court has jurisdiction over all judicial matters. The Constitutional Court is responsible for presiding over constitutional matters.

Supreme Court judges nominated by the president and appointed by the Seimas. Constitutional Court judges selected by Seimas from among nominations by the president, by the Seimas chairperson, and Supreme Court chairperson.

Supreme Court: 5 years; Constitutional Court: 9 years

Legislative

Sets up committees for the purpose of consideration of draft laws and other matters, adopt legislation, parliamentary scrutiny, and have wide powers to make decisions regarding various European Union affairs as all permanent committees take part in the consideration of EU matters.

71 members are elected by absolute majority vote in single-member constituencies and 70 members are elected through an open-list proportional representation system.

4 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Lithuania’s foreign policy is largely informed by what it perceives as an expansionist Russia. Lithuania uses its membership in both NATO and the EU to promote security and democracy in Eastern and Central Europe, in particular with its near neighbor Belarus; Lithuania supports Belarusian pro-democracy activists, many of whom are based in Lithuania. It strongly advocates NATO and EU enlargement and increased political and economic engagement with what the EU calls its “Eastern Neighborhood.”

Regional Trade Blocs: European Union

Treaties: NATO, Common Security and Defense Policy


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

Australia Group BA BIS CBSS CD CE
EAPC EBRD EIB EU FAO IAEA
IBRD ICAO ICC ICRM IDA IFC
IFRCS ILO IMF IMO Interpol IOC
IOM IPU ISO ITU ITUC MIGA
NATO NIB NSG OAS OIF OPCW
OSCE PCA Schengen Convention UN UNCTAD UNESCO
UNIDO UNSC UNWTO UPU WCO WHO
WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Air Pollution Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants Air Pollution-Sulfur 85 Air Pollution-Sulfur 94 Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds
Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Environmental Modification
Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Tropical Timber 06 Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Ministry of Finance & State Tax Inspectorate

Tax Name: VAT


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary