Macedonia: Government

Republic of Macedonia Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Macedonia

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Gjorge Ivanov

Head of Government: Prime Minister Emil Dimitriev

Overview

Government Name: Republic of Macedonia

Constitution: Adopted: 1991; established a parliamentary representative democratic republic, separated three branches with judicial being independent of government, judicial review of legislative acts, guarantees democratic civil freedom

Government Type: Parliamentary Democracy

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The president is commander-in-chief of armed forces, makes diplomatic appointments and grants pardons. The prime minister proposes laws and controls the diplomatic policy to be adopted by legislature.

The president is elected by an absolute majority vote through two-round system. The prime minister is elected by parliament.

5 years

Judicial

The Supreme Court is the highest court of the land. The Constitutional Court decides on issues regarding the constitution.

Supreme Court judges nominated by the Judicial Council and appointed by the Assembly. Constitutional Court judges appointed by the legislature.

Supreme Court: information not available; Constitutional Court: 9 years

Legislative

Creates policies and laws on advice from executive branch, approves appointed officials.

120 members elected through a closed-list proportional representation system.

4 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Macedonia enjoys good relations with its neighbors. It has strong trade and tourism ties with Greece, and has developed similarly robust political and trade ties with Albania and Bulgaria. Relations between Belgrade and Skopje are good overall, although a dispute between the Macedonian Orthodox Church and the Serb Orthodox Church has strained ties over the past several years. Relations with Kosovo are good, with Macedonia having signed an Interim Free Trade Agreement with UNMIK in 2005 and with regular bilateral political contacts occurring between Pristina and Skopje since 2005. Macedonia recognized Kosovo’s independence in October 2008. Macedonia and Kosovo completed demarcation of their shared border and established formal diplomatic relations in October 2009.

Regional Trade Blocs: CEFTA

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

BIS CD CE CEI EAPC EBRD
EU FAO IAEA IBRD ICAO ICC
ICRM IDA IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO
IMF IMO Interpol IOC IOM IPU
ISO ITU ITUC MIGA OAS OIF
OPCW OSCE PCA PFP SELEC UN
UNCTAD UNESCO UNHCR UNIDO UNIFIL UNWTO
UPU WCO WHO WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Air Pollution Desertification Endangered Species
Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea Ozone Layer Protection Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details



Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary