Key Figures

Chief of State:
President Stevo Pendarovski
Head of Government:
Caretaker Prime Minister Talat Xhaferi


Government Name:
Republic of North Macedonia
Adopted: 1991; established a parliamentary representative democratic republic, separated three branches with judicial being independent of government, judicial review of legislative acts, guarantees democratic civil freedom
Government Type:
Parliamentary Republic
Republic of North Macedonia Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of North Macedonia

Index of Economic Freedom

Grades each country on a scale of 0 to 100, based on ten freedoms, with 100 representing the greatest amount of economic autonomy from government intervention. Source: Heritage Foundation (2023)

Country Risk Rating

A very uncertain political and economic outlook and a business environment with many troublesome weaknesses can have a significant impact on corporate payment behavior. Corporate default probability is high. Source: Coface (2022)

Government Branches

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle 1

The president is commander-in-chief of armed forces, makes diplomatic appointments and grants pardons. The prime minister proposes laws and controls the diplomatic policy to be adopted by the legislature.

The president is elected by an absolute majority vote through a two-round system. The prime minister is elected by parliament.

5 years


The Supreme Court is the highest court of the land. The Constitutional Court decides on issues regarding the constitution.

Supreme Court judges nominated by the Judicial Council and appointed by the Assembly. Constitutional Court judges appointed by the legislature.

Supreme Court: information not available; Constitutional Court: 9 years


Creates policies and laws on advice from the executive branch, approves appointed officials.

120 members elected through a closed-list proportional representation system.

4 years

Regional Trade Blocs

International Organization Participation [2]

Environmental Agreements [3]

Tax Information [2]

Tax Authority:
Ministry of Finance
Tax Name:


  1. ElectionGuide
  2. EY,
  3. CIA World Factbook,
  4. U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets