Portuguese sailors come into contact with Madagascar island.
Merina rulers take control over most of Madagascar.
Slave trade is abolished.
France makes Madagascar a protectorate.
France takes absolute power over Madagascar, and drives out Merina rule.
Madagascar becomes an overseas territory of France.
Madagascar becomes an autonomous state within France and names itself the Malagasy Republic.
Madagascar gains full independence.
A coup against the government occurs, and the country is renamed the Democratic Republic of Madagascar.
More democratic reforms are introduced, leading to the adoption of a new constitution.