Madagascar: Government

Republic of Madagascar Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Madagascar

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Hery Rajaonarimampianina

Head of Government: Prime Minister Olivier Mahafaly Solonandrasana

Overview

Government Name: Republic of Madagascar

Constitution: Adopted: 2010; New constitution launched the Fourth Republic of Madagascar, and was viewed as an attempt to consolidate and legitimize the rule of Andry Rajoelina and his government, which was installed after a military-backed coup d'état against former President Marc Ravalomanana at the beginning of the ongoing national political crisis.

Government Type: Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

President and prime minister are in charge of executing the day-to-day operations of the government along with the cabinet.

The president is elected by majority vote through two-round system. The prime minister is appointed by the president.

5 years

Judicial

The Supreme Court addresses judicial administration issues. The High Constitutional Court interprets the constitution when the law is questioned.

The Supreme Court heads elected by the president and judiciary officials. The High Constitutional Court members appointed - 3 each by the president, by both legislative bodies, and by the Council of Magistrates.

Supreme Court: 3 years; Constitutional Court: 6 years

Legislative

The legislature includes the Senate and National Assembly that are in charge of creating legislature.

The senate has 22 members appointed by regional legislatures and 11 appointed by president. The National Assembly has 115 members elected by plurality vote in single member constituencies and 12 by single non-transferable vote.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Following the 2009 coup d'etat, Madagascar was suspended from participating in AU and SADC activities until constitutional order is restored. Most donors in Madagascar, including the United States and the European Union, have suspended assistance programs to the Government of Madagascar. The United States currently undertakes only humanitarian assistance programs that have a direct impact on civilian populations in need. The AU formed an International Contact Group to coordinate international community action to ensure a return to constitutional rule as quickly as possible, and SADC appointed former Mozambican President Joaquim Chissano as a mediator in the effort to find a consensual, negotiated solution to the ongoing political crisis. Additionally, the AU and others have enacted certain targeted sanctions or travel restrictions on members of the HAT regime who are impeding a return to free, fair, and durable democracy in Madagascar.

Regional Trade Blocs: COMESA, SADC

Treaties: Peace and Security Council


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ACP AfDB AU CD COMESA EITI
FAO G-77 IAEA IBRD ICAO ICC
ICRM IDA IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO
IMF IMO InOC Interpol IOC IOM
ISO ITSO ITU ITUC MIGA NAM
OIF OPCW PCA SADC UN UNCTAD
UNESCO UNHCR UNIDO UNWTO UPU WCO
WFTU WHO WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Hazardous Wastes
Law of the Sea Marine Life Conservation Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary