Key Figures

Chief of State:
President Andry Rajoelina
Head of Government:
Prime Minister Christian Ntsay


Government Name:
Republic of Madagascar
Adopted: 2010; New constitution launched the Fourth Republic of Madagascar, and was viewed as an attempt to consolidate and legitimize the rule of Andry Rajoelina and his government, which was installed after a military-backed coup d'état against former President Marc Ravalomanana at the beginning of the ongoing national political crisis.
Government Type:
Republic of Madagascar Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Madagascar

Index of Economic Freedom

Grades each country on a scale of 0 to 100, based on ten freedoms, with 100 representing the greatest amount of economic autonomy from government intervention. Source: Heritage Foundation (2023)

Country Risk Rating

A very uncertain political and economic outlook and a business environment with many troublesome weaknesses can have a significant impact on corporate payment behavior. Corporate default probability is high. Source: Coface (2022)

Government Branches

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle 1

President and prime minister are in charge of executing the day-to-day operations of the government along with the cabinet.

The president is elected by majority vote through two-round system. The prime minister is appointed by the president.

5 years


The Supreme Court addresses judicial administration issues. The High Constitutional Court interprets the constitution when the law is questioned.

The Supreme Court heads elected by the president and judiciary officials. The High Constitutional Court members appointed - 3 each by the president, by both legislative bodies, and by the Council of Magistrates.

Supreme Court: 3 years; Constitutional Court: 6 years


The legislature includes the Senate and National Assembly that are in charge of creating legislature.

The senate has 22 members appointed by regional legislatures and 11 appointed by president. The National Assembly has 115 members elected by plurality vote in single member constituencies and 12 by single non-transferable vote.

5 years

Regional Trade Blocs

International Organization Participation [2]

Environmental Agreements [3]

Tax Information [2]

Tax Authority:
Information not available
Tax Name:
Information not available


  1. ElectionGuide
  2. EY,
  3. CIA World Factbook,
  4. U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets