People [1]

People

Population 27,691,019 (2020)
Population Growth Rate 2.641 annual % (2020)
Age Dependency Ratio 75.942 % of working-age population (2020)
Urban Population 38.534 % of total (2020)
Infant Mortality Rate 36.5 per 1,000 live births (2019)
Life Expectancy at Birth 67.041 years (2019)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2020)

Energy [2]

Electricity

Ranking
Production 2.276 billion kWh (2018) #135
Consumption 2.117 billion kWh (2018) #140
Exports 0 billion kWh (2019) #95
Imports 0 billion kWh (2019) #112
Renewable Electricity Generation 1.008 billion kWh (2018) #114

Oil

Ranking
Production 0 thousand bbl/day (2020) #121
Consumption 16.279 thousand bbl/day (2018) #140
Exports (Refined) [3] 0 thousand bbl/day (2013) #87
Imports (Refined) [3] 0 thousand bbl/day (2013) #85
Proved Reserves (Crude) 0 billion bbl (2021) #99

Natural Gas

Ranking
Production (Gross) 0 billion cu ft (2015) #97
Consumption (Dry) 0 billion cu ft (2020) #119
Exports (Dry) 0 billion cu ft (2020) #57
Imports (Dry) 0 billion cu ft (2020) #85

Other [3]

Technology

Airports 83 (2013)
Cellular Telephones 10,654,710 (2018 est.)
Highways 31,640 km (2018)
Internet Users 1,151,563 (2016 est.)
Railways 836 km (2018)
Telephones 69,046 (2018 est.)

Geography & Environment

LocationSouthern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Mozambique
Total Area587,041 sq. km
Land Area581,540 sq. km
Water Area5,501 sq. km
Coastline4,828 km
Climatetropical along coast, temperate inland, arid in south
Terrainnarrow coastal plain, high plateau and mountains in center
Lowest PointIndian Ocean 0 m
Highest Point Maromokotro 2,876 m

Sources

  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 10/3/2021
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 5/9/2020