People [1]

People

Population 28,427,333 (2021)
Population Growth Rate 2.624 annual % (2021)
Age Dependency Ratio 75.38 % of working-age population (2021)
Urban Population 39.207 % of total (2021)
Infant Mortality Rate 36.3 per 1,000 live births (2020)
Life Expectancy at Birth 67.39 years (2020)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2021)

Energy [2]

Electricity

Ranking
Production 2.12 billion kWh (2020) #136
Consumption 1.72 billion kWh (2019) #144
Exports 0 billion kWh (2020) #95
Imports 0 billion kWh (2020) #116
Renewable Electricity Generation 0.855 billion kWh (2020) #117

Oil

Ranking
Production 0 thousand bbl/day (2021) #119
Consumption 21.06 thousand bbl/day (2019) #135
Exports (Refined) [3] 0 thousand bbl/day (2013) #87
Imports (Refined) [3] 0 thousand bbl/day (2013) #85
Proved Reserves (Crude) 0 billion bbl (2021) #99

Natural Gas

Ranking
Production (Gross) 0 billion cu ft (2015) #97
Consumption (Dry) 0 billion cu ft (2021) #122
Exports (Dry) 0 billion cu ft (2021) #58
Imports (Dry) 0 billion cu ft (2021) #86

Other [3]

Technology

Airports 83 (2013)
Cellular Telephones 10,654,710 (2018 est.)
Highways 31,640 km (2018)
Internet Users 1,151,563 (2016 est.)
Railways 836 km (2018)
Telephones 69,046 (2018 est.)

Geography & Environment

LocationSouthern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Mozambique
Total Area587,041 sq. km
Land Area581,540 sq. km
Water Area5,501 sq. km
Coastline4,828 km
Climatetropical along coast, temperate inland, arid in south
Terrainnarrow coastal plain, high plateau and mountains in center
Lowest PointIndian Ocean 0 m
Highest Point Maromokotro 2,876 m

Sources

  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 11/6/2022
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 5/9/2020