Economic Trivia

Agriculture provides for 25% of the country's GDP and employs 80% of the population.

Trade Source: United Nations Comtrade
Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.

Top 3 Trade Partners (2017): China, France, and United States
Top 3 Exported Goods (2017): Coffee & Spices, Nickel, and Apparel: Non Knit

Top Industries Source: CIA World Factbook

Meat Processing; Seafood; Soap; Breweries

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) [1]

GDP, PPP (current international) $39,763,887,263 (2017)
GDP Growth Rate (annual %) 4.171% (2017)
GDP Per Capita, PPP (current international) $1,555 (2017)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

GDP Country Rank 118/195 (2017)

GDP Composition %

Note: GDP composition percentage may exceed 100. Manufacturing is included in the Industry figures and is also reported separately because it plays a critical role in many economies.

Economic Indicators [1]

Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) 8.284% (2017)
External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$) $3,376,250,564 (2017)
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 38.1% (2017)
Real Interest Rate (5 year average %) 47.764% (2017)
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 15.074% (2012)
Current Account Balance (BoP, current US$) ($37,786,011) (2016)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Labor and Employment [1]

Labor Force, Total 13,053,653 (2017)
Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment) 74.409% (2017)
Employment in Industry (% of total employment) 9.204% (2017)
Employment in Services (% of total employment) 16.387% (2017)
Unemployment Rate 1.797% (2017)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Trade [1]

Imports of goods and services (current US$) $4,488,979,333 (2017)
Exports of goods and services (current US$) $4,073,064,504 (2017)
Total Merchandise Trade (% of GDP) 54.838% (2017)
FDI, net inflows (BoP, current US$) $358,890,886 (2017)
Commercial Service Exports (current US$) $1,161,904,129 (2016)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Economic Snapshot [1]

Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years.

How to interpret the graph: The purpose of this graph is to take a snapshot of a country’s economy in comparison to other economies. For example, Madagascar’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. For Exports, FDI and GDP measures, a higher rank (closer to 100%) indicates a stronger economy. Conversely, for Unemployment and Inflation, a lower rank (closer to 0%) indicates a stronger economy.

Due to unavailable data the following indicators have been omitted:
  • Exports
  • FDI, net inflows
  • GDP Growth Rate
  • GDP Per Capita
  • Inflation
  • Unemployment


  1. The World Bank