Malta: Government

Republic of Malta Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Malta

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Marie Louise Coleiro Preca

Head of Government: Prime Minister Joseph Muscat

Overview

Government Name: Republic of Malta

Constitution: Adopted: 1964; Contains information regarding the country background of Malta, a declaration of principles, citizenship, and fundamental rights and freedoms of the individual. Also outlines governmental structure and roles along with overviewing procedures in financeamd the public service.

Government Type: Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The president although the executive head of state, resides in all three branches of government. He is part of parliament and appoints the judiciary. The prime minister keeps the president informed on the general conduct of the government and appoints permanent secretaries.

The president is elected by parliament. The prime minister is appointed by the president.

5 years

Judicial

Courts of Appeal hear appeals from decisions of the civil and criminal actions respectively. Constitutional Court has both original and appellate jurisdiction and may perform judicial review.

Judicial Judges of superior courts are appointed by the president along with the Chief Justice of Malta

Mandatory retirement age of 65

Legislative

The II-Kamra Tad-Deputati is the constitutional legislative body of Malta.

The II-Kamra Tad-Deputati has 65 members that are elected through a single transferrable vote (STV) proportional representation.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: With its central location in the Mediterranean, at one of the southernmost points of the European Union, Malta has long viewed itself as a bridge between Europe and North Africa, particularly Libya, with which it historically has enjoyed close diplomatic and commercial ties. During the period of rebellion in Libya that began in February 2011, Malta played an important role in supporting evacuation of third-country nationals, coordinating humanitarian aid to the people of Libya, and providing general assistance to forces of nations involved in enforcement of UN Security Council Resolutions 1970 and 1973. Malta is an active participant in the United Nations, the Commonwealth, the Council of Europe, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), and various other international organizations. In addition, Malta rejoined NATO’s Partnership for Peace in 2008 shortly after national elections. In these fora, Malta has frequently expressed its concern for the peace and economic development of the Mediterranean region. The Nationalist Party government is continuing a policy of neutrality and nonalignment but in a Western context. The government desires close relations with the United States, with an emphasis on increased trade and private investment. U.S. Navy ships resumed liberty calls in 1992 and currently visit on a semi-regular basis.

Regional Trade Blocs: European Union

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

Australia Group C CD CE EAPC EBRD
ECB EIB EMU EU FAO IAEA
IBRD ICAO ICC ICRM IDA IFAD
IFC IFRCS ILO IMF IMO IMSO
Interpol IOC IOM IPU ISO ITSO
ITU ITUC MIGA NSG OAS OPCW
OSCE PCA PFP Schengen Convention UN UNCTAD
UNESCO UNIDO Union Latina UNWTO UPU WCO
WHO WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Air Pollution Desertification Endangered Species
Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea Marine Dumping Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Tropical Timber 06
Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details



Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary