Chief of State: President Marie Louise Coleiro Preca
Head of Government: Prime Minister Joseph Muscat
Government Name: Republic of Malta
Constitution: Adopted: 1964; Contains information regarding the country background of Malta, a declaration of principles, citizenship, and fundamental rights and freedoms of the individual. Also outlines governmental structure and roles along with overviewing procedures in financeamd the public service.
Government Type: Republic
|Main Powers||Election Process||Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/|
The president although the executive head of state, resides in all three branches of government. He is part of parliament and appoints the judiciary. The prime minister keeps the president informed on the general conduct of the government and appoints permanent secretaries.
The president is elected by parliament. The prime minister is appointed by the president.
Courts of Appeal hear appeals from decisions of the civil and criminal actions respectively. Constitutional Court has both original and appellate jurisdiction and may perform judicial review.
Judicial Judges of superior courts are appointed by the president along with the Chief Justice of Malta
Mandatory retirement age of 65
The II-Kamra Tad-Deputati is the constitutional legislative body of Malta.
The II-Kamra Tad-Deputati has 65 members that are elected through a single transferrable vote (STV) proportional representation.
Foreign Policy Trends: With its central location in the Mediterranean, at one of the southernmost points of the European Union, Malta has long viewed itself as a bridge between Europe and North Africa, particularly Libya, with which it historically has enjoyed close diplomatic and commercial ties. During the period of rebellion in Libya that began in February 2011, Malta played an important role in supporting evacuation of third-country nationals, coordinating humanitarian aid to the people of Libya, and providing general assistance to forces of nations involved in enforcement of UN Security Council Resolutions 1970 and 1973. Malta is an active participant in the United Nations, the Commonwealth, the Council of Europe, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), and various other international organizations. In addition, Malta rejoined NATO’s Partnership for Peace in 2008 shortly after national elections. In these fora, Malta has frequently expressed its concern for the peace and economic development of the Mediterranean region. The Nationalist Party government is continuing a policy of neutrality and nonalignment but in a Western context. The government desires close relations with the United States, with an emphasis on increased trade and private investment. U.S. Navy ships resumed liberty calls in 1992 and currently visit on a semi-regular basis.
Regional Trade Blocs: European Union
Treaties: No multilateral military treaties
International Organization Participation Source: CIA World Factbook
Note: Click table to see details
Environmental Agreements Source: CIA World Factbook
|Air Pollution||Biodiversity||Climate Change||Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol||Desertification||Endangered Species|
|Hazardous Wastes||Law of the Sea||Marine Dumping||Ozone Layer Protection||Ship Pollution||Tropical Timber 06|
Note: Click table to see details
Tax Authority: Ministry of Finance
Tax Name: VAT