Montenegro: History

  1. 1878

    Montenegro is recognized under international treaties. 

  2. 1918

    Following World War I, Montenegro becomes part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes. 

  3. 1929

    The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes is renamed the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

  4. 1945

    Montenegro becomes one of the republics in the new Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. The other republics include Serbia, Slovenia, Macedonia, Croatia, and Bosnia

  5. 1992

    Following the collapse of communism, Montenegro joins Serbia to form the Republic of Yugoslavia. 

  6. 1995

    The Dayton Accord brings an end to the Bosnian War and the UN sanctions on Yugoslavia. 

  7. 2000

    The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia joins the United Nations.

  8. 2002

    Leaders of Yugoslavia, Montenegro, and Serbia sign a European Union mediated accord establishing a new Union of Serbia and Montenegro, which replaces Yugoslavia. 

  9. 2002

    Montenegro adopts the euro as its national currency.

  10. 2006

    Montenegro votes in referendum, by a margin of 55.5%, to separate from Serbia. Serbia responds by declaring itself the independent sovereign successor to the Union of Serbia and Montenegro.

  11. 2008

    Montenegro officially applies to become a member of the European Union.

  12. 2009

    Montenegro citizens are granted visa-free travel within the European Union's Schengen Zone.


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