Nigeria: Government

Federal Republic of Nigeria Flag
Coat of Arms of Federal Republic of Nigeria

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Muhammadu Buhari

Head of Government: President Muhammadu Buhari

Overview

Government Name: Federal Republic of Nigeria

Constitution: Adopted: 1999; Restored democratic rule to Nigeria. It is the fourth constitution following independence from the United Kingdom. Outlines topics such as fundamental objectives and directive principles of state policy; citizenship; fundamental rights; the legislature; the structure of government; and federal capital territory, Abuja, and general supplementary provisions.

Government Type: Federal Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

Can summon the Senate or House of Representatives, appoint commissions of inquiry, call a national referendum, appoint ambassadors, and pardon or reprieve offenders.

Elected by qualified plurality vote.

4 years

Judicial

Highest court of Nigeria.

Justices are appointed by the president on the recommendation of the National Judicial Council and are subject to confirmation by the Senate.

Mandatory retirement age of 70

Legislative

Senate has unique power of impeachment of judges and high officials and confirms president's nominal of senior diplomats, members of the federal cabinet, federal judicial appointments, and independent federal commissions. Both the House and Senate must agree before any bill becomes a law.

Senate members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies. House of Representatives members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies.

4 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Since independence, Nigerian foreign policy has been characterized by a focus on Africa and by attachment to several fundamental principles: African unity and independence; peaceful settlement of disputes; nonalignment and nonintentional interference in the internal affairs of other nations; and regional economic cooperation and development. In pursuing the goal of regional economic cooperation and development, Nigeria helped create the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), which seeks to harmonize trade and investment practices for its 15 West African member countries and ultimately to achieve a full customs union. Over the past decade, Nigeria has played a pivotal role in the support of peace in Africa. It has provided the bulk of troops for the UN peacekeeping mission in Sierra Leone (UNAMSIL), the UN Mission in Liberia (UNMIL), and many of the troops to the African Union Mission in Sudan (AMIS).

Regional Trade Blocs: ECOWAS

Treaties: Peace and Security Council


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ACP AfDB AU C CD D-8
ECOWAS EITI FAO G-15 G-24 G-77
IAEA IBRD ICAO ICC ICRM IDA
IDB IFAD IFC IFRCS IHO ILO
IMF IMO IMSO Interpol IOC IOM
IPU ISO ITSO ITU ITUC MIGA
MINURSO MINUSMA MONUSCO NAM OAS OIC
OPCW OPEC PCA UN UNAMID UNCTAD
UNESCO UNHCR UNIDO UNIFIL UNISFA UNITAR
UNMIL UNMISS UNOCI UNSC UNWTO UPU
WCO WFTU WHO WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Hazardous Wastes
Law of the Sea Marine Dumping Marine Life Conservation Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Federal Inland Revenue Service

Tax Name: VAT


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary