Nigeria: History

  1. 1850s

    The British establish a presence around Lagos, which in present day is the most populous city in Nigeria.

  2. 1861

    Until 1914, Britain governs over Nigeria through "indirect rule", using local leaders.

  3. 1960

    Nigeria gains its independence.

  4. 1967

    Three eastern states secede as the Republic of Biafra, sparking a bloody civil war.

  5. 1970

    The former Biafra regions are reintegrated into Nigeria following a surrender by Biafra's leaders. 

  6. 2001

    The presidents of Nigeria, South Africa, and Algeria launch the New Partnership for African Development, which aims to foster economic development and foreign investment and lift existing trade barriers.

  7. 2005

    Lenders agree to write off two-thirds of Nigeria's $20 billion foreign debt.

  8. 2008

    Oil production in Nigeria is cut in half as a result of strikes and militant attacks on oil pipelines. This decrease in production contributes to record-high world oil prices.


BBC News