Nigeria: Statistics

People 
HIV/AIDS - Adult Prevalence Rate 3.6% (2009 est.)
Infant mortality rate 74.36 deaths per 1,000 live births (2012 est.)
Population 170,123,740 (2012 est.)
Note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Population Below Poverty Line 70% (2007 est.)
Population growth rate 2.553% (2012 est.)
Total fertility rate 5.38 children per woman (2012 est.)
Ethnic Groups:
Nigeria, Africa's most populous country, is composed of more than 250 ethnic groups; the following are the most populous and politically influential: Hausa and Fulani 29%, Yoruba 21%, Igbo (Ibo) 18%, Ijaw 10%, Kanuri 4%, Ibibio 3.5%, Tiv 2.5%
Nationality:
noun: Nigerian(s) adjective: Nigerian
Religions:
Muslim 50%, Christian 40%, indigenous beliefs 10%
Languages:
English (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo (Ibo), Fulani
Energy 
Electricity Consumption 17.66 billion kWh (2009 est.)
Electricity Exports 0 kWh (2010 est.)
Electricity Imports 0 kWh (2010 est.)
Electricity Production 18.82 billion kWh (2009 est.)
Natural Gas Consumption 7.216 billion cu m (2009 est.)
Natural Gas Exports 15.99 billion cu m (2009 est.)
Natural Gas Imports 0 cu m (2009 est.)
Natural Gas Production 23.21 billion cu m (2009 est.)
Natural Gas Proved Reserves 5.11 trillion cu m (2012 est.)
Oil Consumption 271.6 thousand bbl/day (2011 est.)
Oil Exports 2.102 million bbl/day (2009 est.)
Oil Imports 187.7 thousand bbl/day (2009 est.)
Oil Production 2.458 million bbl/day (2010 est.)
Oil Proved Reserves 37.2 billion bbl (2012 est.)
Technology 
Airports 53 (2012 )
Cellular Telephones 95,167,000 (2011 )
Highways 193,200 (2004 )
Internet Hosts 1,234 (2012 )
Internet Users 43,989,000 (2009 )
Railways 3,505 (2010 )
Telephones 719,400 (2011 )
Geography 
Location:
Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Benin and Cameroon
Area
Total:923,768 sq. km
Land:910,768 sq. km
Water:13,000 sq. km
Coastline: 853 km
Climate:
varies; equatorial in south, tropical in center, arid in north
Terrain:
southern lowlands merge into central hills and plateaus; mountains in southeast, plains in north
Elevation Extremes
Lowest Point:Atlantic Ocean 0 m
Highest Point: Chappal Waddi 2,419 m
Environment - International Agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
International Organization Participation:
ACP, AfDB, AU, C, ECOWAS, FAO, G-15, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, MINURCAT, MINURSO, MONUC, NAM, OAS (observer), OIC, OPCW, OPEC, PCA, UN, UN Security Council (temporary), UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMIL, UNMIS, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Sources:

CIA World Factbook

Glossary