Oman: Government

Sultanate of Oman Flag
Coat of Arms of Sultanate of Oman

Key Figures

Chief of State: Sultan and Prime Minister Qaboos bin Said Al Said

Head of Government: Sultan and Prime Minister Qaboos bin Said Al Said

Overview

Government Name: Sultanate of Oman

Constitution: Adopted: 1996; Contains seven parts detailing the state and system of government; principles guiding state policy; public rights and duties; the head of state; the Oman council; the judiciary; and general provisions.

Government Type: Monarchy

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

Sultan also serves as prime minister, defense minister, finance minister, foreign affairs minister, and chair of the central bank.

Sultan and prime minister are hereditary.

Hereditary

Judicial

Supreme Court is the highest court in Oman.

Judges nominated by the Supreme Judicial Council and appointed by the monarch

Life appointment

Legislative

Majlis al-Shura can approve or amend draft laws. Majlis al-Dawla assists the government in implementation of the overall development strategy and contributes in deepening the roots of the Omani society by maintaining achievements and ascertaining the principles of the basic law of the state.

Majlis al-Dawla members are appointed by the monarch and Majlis al-Shura members are elected by plurality vote.

4 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Oman has traditionally supported Middle East peace initiatives, as it did those in 1983. In April 1994, Oman hosted the plenary meeting of the Water Working Group of the peace process, the first Gulf state to do so. From 1996-2000, Oman and Israel exchanged trade offices. Oman closed the Israeli Trade Office in October 2000 in the wake of public demonstrations against Israel at the start of the second intifada. In addition, Oman maintains relations with Iran, and the two countries regularly exchange delegations. Oman is an active member in international and regional organizations, notably the Arab League and the GCC.

Regional Trade Blocs: Arab League, GCC

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ABEDA AFESD AMF CAEU FAO G-77
GCC IAEA IBRD ICAO ICC IDA
IDB IFAD IFC IHO ILO IMF
IMO IMSO Interpol IOC IPU ISO
ITSO ITU LAS MIGA NAM OIC
OPCW UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO UNWTO
UPU WCO WFTU WHO WIPO WMO
WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea
Marine Dumping Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Whaling

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary