Papua New Guinea: Government

Independent State of Papua New Guinea Flag
Coat of Arms of Independent State of Papua New Guinea

Key Figures

Chief of State: Queen Elizabeth II represented by Governor General Michael Ogio

Head of Government: Prime Minister Peter O'Neill

Overview

Government Name: Independent State of Papua New Guinea

Constitution: Adopted: 1975; Outlines basic aspects of the country, the national legal system, basic principles of government, citizenship, the head of state, the national government, supervision and control, constitutional office-holders and constitutional institutions, and emergency powers.

Government Type: Constitutional Parliamentary Democracy

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

Monarch stands as a ceremonial figurehead, while the governor-general represents the Monarch of the United Kingdom by acting upon the advice of the prime minister and the cabinet.

Governor-general is appointed by the monarch, and prime minister is appointed by the governor-general.

At Her Majesty's discretion

Judicial

Supreme Court hears appeals and reviews decisions made by the National Court.

Chief justice appointed by the governor-general upon advice of the National Executive Council after consultation with the National Justice Administration Minister. Remaining judges are appointed by the Judicial and Legal Services Commission.

Citizen judges have 10 year terms while non citizens only have 3 year terms

Legislative

Constitution states that the legislative power of the people is vested in the National Parliament.

Elected through an alternative voting system.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Papua New Guinea's foreign policy reflects close ties with Australia and other traditional allies. It is by far the largest Pacific Island nation and has traditionally viewed itself as part of the Pacific. In recent years Papua New Guinea has also been cultivating relations with Asian nations. Its views on international political and economic issues are generally moderate. Papua New Guinea has diplomatic relations with 56 countries.

Regional Trade Blocs: APEC

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ACP ADB AOSIS APEC ARF ASEAN
C CD CP ESCAP FAO G-77
IAEA IBRD ICAO ICRM IDA IFAD
IFC IFRCS IHO ILO IMF IMO
Interpol IOC IOM IPU ISO ITSO
ITU MIGA NAM OPCW PIF Sparteca
SPC UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO UNMISS
UNWTO UPU WCO WFTU WHO WIPO
WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Antarctic Treaty Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species
Environmental Modification Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea Marine Dumping Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution
Tropical Timber 06 Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Internal Revenue Commission

Tax Name: GST


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary