Key Figures

Chief of State:
Queen Elizabeth II represented by Governor General Bob Dadae
Head of Government:
Prime Minister Peter O'Neill


Government Name:
Independent State of Papua New Guinea
Adopted: 1975; Outlines basic aspects of the country, the national legal system, basic principles of government, citizenship, the head of state, the national government, supervision and control, constitutional office-holders and constitutional institutions, and emergency powers.
Government Type:
Constitutional Parliamentary Democracy
Independent State of Papua New Guinea Flag
Coat of Arms of Independent State of Papua New Guinea

Index of Economic Freedom

Grades each country on a scale of 0 to 100, based on ten freedoms, with 100 representing the greatest amount of economic autonomy from government intervention. Source: Heritage Foundation (2018)

Country Risk Rating

Political and economic uncertainties and an occasionally difficult business environment can affect corporate payment behavior. Corporate default probability is appreciable. Source: Coface (2018)

Government Branches

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle 1

Monarch stands as a ceremonial figurehead, while the governor-general represents the Monarch of the United Kingdom by acting upon the advice of the prime minister and the cabinet.

Governor-general is appointed by the monarch, and prime minister is appointed by the governor-general.

At Her Majesty's discretion


Supreme Court hears appeals and reviews decisions made by the National Court.

Chief justice appointed by the governor-general upon advice of the National Executive Council after consultation with the National Justice Administration Minister. Remaining judges are appointed by the Judicial and Legal Services Commission.

Citizen judges have 10 year terms while non citizens only have 3 year terms


Constitution states that the legislative power of the people is vested in the National Parliament.

Elected through an alternative voting system.

5 years

Regional Trade Blocs

International Organization Participation [2]

Environmental Agreements [3]

Tax Information [2]

Tax Authority:
Internal Revenue Commission
Tax Name:


  1. ElectionGuide
  2. EY,
  3. CIA World Factbook,
  4. U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets