People [1]

People

Population 8,606,316 (2018)
Population Growth Rate 1.975 annual % (2018)
Age Dependency Ratio 64.639 % of working-age population (2018)
Urban Population 13.169 % of total (2018)
Infant Mortality Rate 38 per 1,000 live births (2018)
Life Expectancy at Birth 64.01 years (2017)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2018)

Energy [2]

Electricity

Ranking
Production 3.931 billion kWh (2017) #126
Consumption 3.656 billion kWh (2017) #127
Exports 0 billion kWh (2017) #98
Imports 0 billion kWh (2017) #112
Renewable Electricity Generation 0.831 billion kWh (2017) #115

Oil

Ranking
Production 44.656 thousand bbl/day (2018) #63
Consumption 38.346 thousand bbl/day (2017) #109
Exports (Refined) [3] 25.4 thousand bbl/day (2013) #52
Imports (Refined) [3] 14.88 thousand bbl/day (2013) #71
Proved Reserves (Crude) 0.171 billion bbl (2019) #57

Natural Gas

Ranking
Production (Gross) 346.087 billion cu ft (2015) #47
Consumption (Dry) 3.532 billion cu ft (2017) #108
Exports (Dry) 391.855 billion cu ft (2017) #21
Imports (Dry) 0 billion cu ft (2017) #79
Proved Reserves 7.052 trillion cu ft (2019) #42

Other [3]

Technology

Airports 561 (2013)
Cellular Telephones 3,782,000 (2016 est.)
Highways 9,349 km (2011)
Internet Users 652,071 (2016 est.)
Telephones 154,000 (2016 est.)

Geography & Environment

LocationOceania, group of islands including the eastern half of the island of New Guinea between the Coral Sea and the South Pacific Ocean, east of Indonesia
Total Area462,840 sq. km
Land Area452,860 sq. km
Water Area9,980 sq. km
Coastline5,152 km
Climatetropical; northwest monsoon (December to March), southeast monsoon (May to October); slight seasonal temperature variation
Terrainmostly mountains with coastal lowlands and rolling foothills
Lowest PointPacific Ocean 0 m
Highest Point Mount Wilhelm 4,509 m

Sources

  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 9/6/2019
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 12/5/2017