People [1]

People

Population 8,947,027 (2020)
Population Growth Rate 1.929 annual % (2020)
Age Dependency Ratio 63.179 % of working-age population (2020)
Urban Population 13.345 % of total (2020)
Infant Mortality Rate 35.9 per 1,000 live births (2019)
Life Expectancy at Birth 64.501 years (2019)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2020)

Energy [2]

Electricity

Ranking
Production 4.042 billion kWh (2019) #128
Consumption 3.702 billion kWh (2019) #130
Exports 0 billion kWh (2019) #98
Imports 0 billion kWh (2019) #116
Renewable Electricity Generation 0.842 billion kWh (2020) #119

Oil

Ranking
Production 39.421 thousand bbl/day (2020) #65
Consumption 38.175 thousand bbl/day (2019) #109
Exports (Refined) [3] 25.4 thousand bbl/day (2013) #52
Imports (Refined) [3] 14.88 thousand bbl/day (2013) #71
Proved Reserves (Crude) 0.16 billion bbl (2021) #59

Natural Gas

Ranking
Production (Gross) 346.087 billion cu ft (2015) #47
Consumption (Dry) 5.897 billion cu ft (2020) #106
Exports (Dry) 415.46 billion cu ft (2020) #20
Imports (Dry) 0 billion cu ft (2020) #85
Proved Reserves 6.467 trillion cu ft (2021) #41

Other [3]

Technology

Airports 561 (2013)
Cellular Telephones 3,782,000 (2018 est.)
Highways 9,349 km (2011)
Internet Users 652,071 (2016 est.)
Telephones 154,000 (2018 est.)

Geography & Environment

LocationOceania, group of islands including the eastern half of the island of New Guinea between the Coral Sea and the South Pacific Ocean, east of Indonesia
Total Area462,840 sq. km
Land Area452,860 sq. km
Water Area9,980 sq. km
Coastline5,152 km
Climatetropical; northwest monsoon (December to March), southeast monsoon (May to October); slight seasonal temperature variation
Terrainmostly mountains with coastal lowlands and rolling foothills
Lowest PointPacific Ocean 0 m
Highest Point Mount Wilhelm 4,509 m

Sources

  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 10/3/2021
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 5/9/2020