People [1]

People

Population 8,251,162 (2017)
Population Growth Rate 2.034 annual % (2017)
Age Dependency Ratio 65.96 % of working-age population (2017)
Urban Population 13.085 % of total (2017)
Infant Mortality Rate 42.4 per 1,000 live births (2016)
Life Expectancy at Birth 65.544 years (2016)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2017)

Energy [2]

Electricity

Ranking
Production 3.6 billion kWh (2015) #125
Consumption 3.4 billion kWh (2015) #129
Exports 0 billion kWh (2015) #83
Imports 0 billion kWh (2015) #98
Renewable Electricity Generation 0.9 billion kWh (2015) #108

Oil

Ranking
Production 51 thousand bbl/day (2017) #60
Consumption 42 thousand bbl/day (2015) #105
Exports (Refined) [3] 25.4 thousand bbl/day (2013) #52
Imports (Refined) [3] 14.88 thousand bbl/day (2013) #71
Proved Reserves (Crude) 0.2 billion bbl (2018) #52

Natural Gas

Ranking
Consumption (Dry) 3.5 billion cu ft (2015) #104
Exports (Dry) 343 billion cu ft (2015) #21
Imports (Dry) 0 billion cu ft (2015) #71
Proved Reserves 7.4 trillion cu ft (2018) #42

Other [3]

Technology

Airports 561 (2013)
Cellular Telephones 3,782,000 (2016 est.)
Highways 9,349 km (2011)
Internet Users 652,071 (2016 est.)
Telephones 154,000 (2016 est.)

Geography & Environment

LocationOceania, group of islands including the eastern half of the island of New Guinea between the Coral Sea and the South Pacific Ocean, east of Indonesia
Total Area462,840 sq. km
Land Area452,860 sq. km
Water Area9,980 sq. km
Coastline5,152 km
Climatetropical; northwest monsoon (December to March), southeast monsoon (May to October); slight seasonal temperature variation
Terrainmostly mountains with coastal lowlands and rolling foothills
Lowest PointPacific Ocean 0 m
Highest Point Mount Wilhelm 4,509 m

Sources

  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 7/6/2018
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 12/5/2017