People [1]

People

Population 8,251,162 (2017)
Population Growth Rate 2.034 annual % (2017)
Age Dependency Ratio 65.96 % of working-age population (2017)
Urban Population 13.102 % of total (2017)
Infant Mortality Rate 41.8 per 1,000 live births (2017)
Life Expectancy at Birth 65.544 years (2016)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2017)

Energy [2]

Electricity

Ranking
Production 3.5 billion kWh (2016) #126
Consumption 3.2 billion kWh (2016) #130
Exports 0 billion kWh (2016) #85
Imports 0 billion kWh (2016) #105
Renewable Electricity Generation 0.9 billion kWh (2016) #110

Oil

Ranking
Production 50 thousand bbl/day (2017) #62
Consumption 37 thousand bbl/day (2016) #111
Exports (Refined) [3] 25.4 thousand bbl/day (2013) #52
Imports (Refined) [3] 14.88 thousand bbl/day (2013) #71
Proved Reserves (Crude) 0.2 billion bbl (2018) #52

Natural Gas

Ranking
Production (Gross) 346 billion cu ft (2015) #47
Consumption (Dry) 3.5 billion cu ft (2017) #108
Exports (Dry) 392 billion cu ft (2017) #21
Imports (Dry) 0 billion cu ft (2017) #78
Proved Reserves 7.4 trillion cu ft (2018) #42

Other [3]

Technology

Airports 561 (2013)
Cellular Telephones 3,782,000 (2016 est.)
Highways 9,349 km (2011)
Internet Users 652,071 (2016 est.)
Telephones 154,000 (2016 est.)

Geography & Environment

LocationOceania, group of islands including the eastern half of the island of New Guinea between the Coral Sea and the South Pacific Ocean, east of Indonesia
Total Area462,840 sq. km
Land Area452,860 sq. km
Water Area9,980 sq. km
Coastline5,152 km
Climatetropical; northwest monsoon (December to March), southeast monsoon (May to October); slight seasonal temperature variation
Terrainmostly mountains with coastal lowlands and rolling foothills
Lowest PointPacific Ocean 0 m
Highest Point Mount Wilhelm 4,509 m

Sources

  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 7/6/2018
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 12/5/2017