Peru: Government

Republic of Peru Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Peru

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Pedro Pablo Kuczynski Godard

Head of Government: President Pedro Pablo Kuczynski Godard

Overview

Government Name: Republic of Peru

Constitution: Adopted: 1993; Replaced former socialist constitution to give greater power to president as he appoints the prime minister and ultimately has final say in almost every governmental matter. Another section of the constitution outlines the powers of the legislative branch but not the judiciary (nominally independent).

Government Type: Constitutional Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

Represents Peru's interests as head of state and directs governmental policies. Can block legislation that the executive branch does not agree with.

President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system.

5 years

Judicial

Administers justice hierarchically. Upholds law and equal treatment of citizens.

Justices are proposed by the National Council of the Judiciary, nominated by the president, and confirmed by congress.

Mandatory retirement age of 70

Legislative

Passes laws, ratifies treaties, authorizes loans and approves budget.

Congress of the Republic members are elected by open list proportional representation in multi-member constituencies.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Member of the UN and the UN security council in 2006 and 2007. Friendly relations with neighbors and mainly reverts to peaceful talks in regards to border control rather than aggression.

Regional Trade Blocs: ANCOM, APEC

Treaties: South American Defense Council


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

APEC BIS CAN CD CELAC EITI
FAO G-24 G-77 IADB IAEA IBRD
ICAO ICC ICRM IDA IFAD IFC
IFRCS IHO ILO IMF IMO IMSO
Interpol IOC IOM IPU ISO ITSO
ITU ITUC LAES LAIA Mercosur MIGA
MINURSO MINUSTAH MONUSCO NAM OAS OPANAL
OPCW Pacific Alliance PCA SICA UN UNASUR
UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO Union Latina UNISFA UNMIL
UNMISS UNOCI UNWTO UPU WCO WFTU
WHO WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Antarctic Treaty Antarctic-Environmental Protocol Antarctic-Marine Living Resources Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
Desertification Endangered Species Hazardous Wastes Marine Dumping Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution
Tropical Timber 06 Wetlands Whaling

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: General Tax Admission

Tax Name: VAT


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary