Peru: History

  1. 1532

    Spanish explorers led by Francisco Pizarro defeat the Incas whose empire subsequently becomes part of the Vice-royalty of Peru.

  2. 1821

    General Jose de San Martin captures Lima from the Spanish and proclaims Peru independent.

  3. 1879

    Peru is defeated by Chile in the Pacific War and as a result loses territory in the south.

  4. 1990

    Severe austerity and privatization programs are launched as inflation reaches 400%.

  5. 2004

    A major gas pipeline project that will connect a jungle gas field to Lima is introduced.

  6. 2005

    Peru and the United States establish a free trade agreement.

  7. 2011

    A road connecting Brazil's Atlantic coast with Peru's Pacific coast is opened.


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