Qatar: Government

State of Qatar Flag
Coat of Arms of State of Qatar

Key Figures

Chief of State: Emir Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani

Head of Government: Prime Minister Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa Al Thani

Overview

Government Name: State of Qatar

Constitution: Adopted: 2004; Divided into parts which discuss the state and bases of rule; the guiding principles of the society; public rights and duties; and organization of powers.

Government Type: Emirate

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

Emir cannot violate Islamic Law, or Sharia, and has preeminent power. Prime minister heads the government of Qatar.

Emir is hereditary and prime minister is appointed by monarch.

Prime minister's office openings are subjected to the monarch's decision.

Judicial

Court of Cassation is a high instance court that verifies the interpretation of law. Supreme Constitutional Court resolves disputes that arise from implementation of final judgments that are made by lower courts and judicial bodies.

Court of Cassation judges are nominated by the Judicial Supreme Council, while the Supreme Constitutional Court is nominated by the Judicial Supreme Council and appointed by the monarch.

Court of Cassation: 3 years; Supreme Court: No specific office cycle

Legislative

Majlis al-Shura are constitutionally responsible for approving the national budget, monitoring the performance of ministers through no-confidence votes, and to draft, discuss, and vote on proposed legislation.

Advisory Council members are appointed by the monarch and 30 members are elected by popular vote.

3 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Qatar achieved full independence in an atmosphere of cooperation with the U.K. and friendship with neighboring states. Most Arab states, the U.K., and the U.S. were among the first countries to recognize Qatar, and the state promptly gained admittance to the United Nations and the Arab League. Qatar established diplomatic relations with the U.S.S.R. and China in 1988. It was an early member of OPEC and a founding member of the GCC.

Regional Trade Blocs: Arab League, GCC

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ABEDA AFESD AMF CAEU CD CICA
EITI FAO G-77 GCC IAEA IBRD
ICAO ICC ICRM IDA IDB IFAD
IFC IFRCS IHO ILO IMF IMO
IMSO Interpol IOC IOM IPU ISO
ITSO ITU LAS MIGA NAM OAPEC
OAS OIC OPCW OPEC PCA UN
UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO UNIFIL UNWTO UPU
WCO WHO WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Hazardous Wastes
Law of the Sea Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary