Sao Tome and Principe: Government

Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe Flag
Coat of Arms of Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Evaristo Carvalho

Head of Government: Prime Minister Patrice Trovoada

Overview

Government Name: Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe

Constitution: Adopted: 1990; The new Constitution allowed for multiparty elections for the first time since independence was declared. The document also limited the President to two terms.

Government Type: Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

President serves as the head of state and approves members of the Cabinet of Ministers. Prime minister serves of the head government and also is responsible for proposing Cabinet of Ministers to the president.

President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system, while prime minister is elected by parliament.

5 years

Judicial

Supreme Court was formerly responsible to the National Assembly, but is now independent under the latest constitution. Constitutional Court reviews for the constitutionality of laws.

Supreme Court judges are nominated by the president of the republic and elected by the National Assembly. Constitutional Court judges are nominated by the president of the republic and elected by the National Assembly.

5 years

Legislative

National Assembly is the supreme organ of the state and highest legislative body.

Elected through a closed-list proportional representation system.

4 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: The Sao Tomean Government has generally maintained a foreign policy based on nonalignment and cooperation with any country willing to assist in its economic development. In recent years, it also has increasingly emphasized ties to the United States and Western Europe.

Regional Trade Blocs: ECCAS

Treaties: Peace and Security Council


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ACP AfDB AOSIS AU CD CPLP
EITI FAO G-77 IBRD ICAO ICRM
IDA IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO IMF
IMO Interpol IOC IOM IPU ITU
ITUC NAM OIF OPCW UN UNCTAD
UNESCO UNIDO Union Latina UNWTO UPU WCO
WHO WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Environmental Modification
Law of the Sea Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary