Sao Tome and Principe: History

  1. 16th Century

    Sao Tome and Principe is colonized by the Portuguese and soon becomes a staging post for slave trade.

  2. 1800s

    Sao Tome and Principe becomes one of the world's main cocoa producers.

  3. 1975

    Sao Tome and Principe gains its independence from Portugal. Strong ties are built with communist countries.

  4. 2002

    The Sao Tome and Principe government announces plans for a United States naval base in the country, which would serve to protect Sao Tome and Principe's oil interests.

  5. 2003

    Oil companies bid for Sao Tome and Nigeria controlled offshore oil blocs.

  6. 2005

    Nigeria and Sao Tome and Principe jointly sign an exploration and production-sharing agreement with international oil firms.

  7. 2009

    Nigeria and Sao Tome and Principe agree to enact a joint maritime military allegiance to protect offshore crude oil fields.


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