Seychelles: Government

Republic of Seychelles Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Seychelles

Key Figures

Chief of State: President James A. Michel

Head of Government: President James A. Michel

Overview

Government Name: Republic of Seychelles

Constitution: Adopted: 1993; The constitution of Seychelles aims to give precedence to the fundamental rights of the citizens of Seychelles. It additionally affirms the democratic values of the country. Also noteworthy is the mixed jurisdiction legal system adopted by the Constitution. This means that the civil law of Seychelles is governed by a Civil Code originally derived from the French Napoleonic Code.

Government Type: Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

President of Seychelles is both head of state and head of government and Commander in Chief of the Defense Forces of Seychelles.

President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system.

5 years

Judicial

Has original jurisdiction in matters relating to the application, contravention, enforcement or interpretation of the constitution as well as civil and criminal matters.

All judges appointed by the president upon recommendation of the opposition leader in the National Assembly.

Mandatory retirement age of 70

Legislative

Determines and passes bills on to the president whereupon the bill becomes law.

Legislature has 25 members elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies and 9 members elected by proportional representation.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Given the threat of piracy in the Indian Ocean region, Seychelles has reached out to the international community for assistance and has significantly strengthened its ties with the United States, the U.K., France, the EU, India, and China. The Government of Seychelles has entered into multiple agreements and memoranda of understanding (MOUs) with various international partners, including the United States, to protect its borders and its tourism and fishing-based economy, which is directly impacted by piracy in the region.

Regional Trade Blocs: COMESA, SADC

Treaties: Peace and Security Council


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ACP AfDB AOSIS AU C CD
COMESA FAO G-77 IAEA IBRD ICAO
ICRM IDA IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO
IMF IMO InOC Interpol IOC IOM
IPU ISO ITU MIGA NAM OIF
OPCW SADC UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO
UNWTO UPU WCO WHO WIPO WMO
WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Hazardous Wastes
Law of the Sea Marine Dumping Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary