Sierra Leone: History

  1. 1787

    British abolitionists and philanthropists establish a settlement for repatriated and rescued slaves in Freetown.

  2. 1808

    Freetown becomes a crown colony of Britain.

  3. 1961

    Sierra Leone gains its independence and chooses to have a parliamentary system within the British Commonwealth.

  4. 1991

    Former army corporal Foday Sankoh and his Revolutionary United Front (RUF) begin a campaign against President Momoh, marking the beginning of a civil war.

  5. 2002

    The civil war is declared over. The Sierra Leone government and the United Nations agree to set up a war crimes court.

  6. 2010

    The government launches a major change to the healthcare system, including free provision for nursing mothers and young children.

  7. 2012

    Energy companies report finding oil off the coasts of Liberia and Sierra Leone.


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