Slovakia: Government

Slovak Republic Flag
Coat of Arms of Slovak Republic

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Andrej Kiska

Head of Government: Prime Minister Robert Fico

Overview

Government Name: Slovak Republic

Constitution: Adopted: 1992; According to lawyers, some parts of the constitution were prepared so hastily that they are almost impossible to execute. It is divided into 9 sections with headings such as fundamental rights and freedoms, office of the public prosecutors in the Slovak Republic, and the economy.

Government Type: Parliamentary Democracy

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

Implements legislation enacted by the National Council and coordinates the business of ministries and other central authorities, as well as decides on bills, government decrees, an implementation of the government's program, international agreements, budgetary drafts, and high official appointments.

President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system. Prime minister is appointed by the president with the approval of the parliament.

5 years

Judicial

Provides checks and balances among political and legislative institutions but also provides protections for ordinary citizens.

Appointment by president.

Mandatory retirement age of 65

Legislative

Votes on all laws and reviews changes or amendments to existing laws.

National Council (Národná rada) members are elected through a flexible-list proportional representation system.

4 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Slovakia became a member of NATO on March 29, 2004 and joined the EU in May 2004. Slovakia is a member of the United Nations and participates in its specialized agencies. It is a member of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), the World Trade Organization (WTO), and the OECD. It also is part of the Visegrad Four (Slovakia, Hungary, Czech Republic, and Poland), a forum for discussing areas of common concern. On December 21, 2007, Slovakia joined the Schengen zone. Slovakia maintains diplomatic relations with 134 countries. There are 35 embassies and 26 honorary consulates in Bratislava.

Regional Trade Blocs: European Union

Treaties: NATO, Common Security and Defense Policy


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

Australia Group BIS BSEC CBSS CD CE
CEI CERN EAPC EBRD ECB EIB
EMU EU FAO IAEA IBRD ICAO
ICC ICRM IDA IEA IFC IFRCS
ILO IMF IMO IMSO Interpol IOC
IOM IPU ISO ITU ITUC MIGA
NATO NEA NSG OAS OECD OIF
OPCW OSCE PCA Schengen Convention SELEC UN
UNCTAD UNESCO UNFICYP UNIDO UNTSO UNWTO
UPU WCO WFTU WHO WIPO WMO
WTO ZC

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Air Pollution Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants Air Pollution-Sulfur 85 Air Pollution-Sulfur 94 Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds
Antarctic Treaty Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species
Environmental Modification Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Tropical Timber 06
Wetlands Whaling

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Ministry of Finance & Financial Directorate

Tax Name: VAT


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary