Sudan: Government

Republic of Sudan Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Sudan

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir

Head of Government: President Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir

Overview

Government Name: Republic of Sudan

Constitution: Adopted: 1998; Constitution provides guiding principles for the state, describes the nation's freedoms and rights, and describes the responsibilities of the state and its citizens.

Government Type: Federal Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

Head of state, head of government and commander-in-chief of the Sudanese Armed Forces in a multi-party system.

President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system.

5 years

Judicial

Independent and obtained by the Constitutional Court.

Appointed by president.

Until dismissal by executive branch

Legislative

Vested in both the government and in the two chambers, the National Assembly (lower) and the Council of States (upper), of the bicameral National Legislature.

Council of States (Majlis Welayat) members are elected by indirect vote, and the National Assembly (Majlis Watani) members are elected by popular vote.

6 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Solidarity with other Arab countries has been a feature of Sudan’s foreign policy. When the Arab-Israeli war began in June 1967, Sudan declared war on Israel. However, in the early 1970s, Sudan gradually shifted its stance and was supportive of the Camp David Accords.

Regional Trade Blocs: Arab League, COMESA

Treaties: Peace and Security Council


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ABEDA ACP AfDB AFESD AMF AU
CAEU COMESA FAO G-77 IAEA IBRD
ICAO ICC ICRM IDA IDB IFAD
IFC IFRCS IGAD ILO IMF IMO
Interpol IOC IOM IPU ISO ITSO
ITU LAS MIGA NAM OIC OPCW
PCA UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNHCR UNIDO
UNWTO UPU WCO WFTU WHO WIPO
WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Hazardous Wastes
Law of the Sea Ozone Layer Protection Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary