Syria: Government

Due to the ongoing conflict in Syria, the information on these pages may not reflect current conditions in the country.

Syrian Arab Republic Flag
Coat of Arms of Syrian Arab Republic

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Bashar al-Asad

Head of Government: Prime Minister Imad Mohammad Deeb Khamis

Overview

Government Name: Syrian Arab Republic

Constitution: Adopted: 1973; Delineates the basic functions of the state's government and its structure. It also defines Syria to be Arab, democratic, and republican. Other topics covered include rights, freedoms, and rule of the law.

Government Type: Republic under Authoritarian Presidential Rule

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

Head of state and chief executive officer of the government as well as commander in chief of the armed forces.

President is elected by popular vote and prime minister is appointed by the President.

7 years

Judicial

Adjudicates electoral disputes and rules on the constitutionality of laws and decrees.

Nominated by president, appointed by Supreme Judicial Council.

4 years

Legislative

Nomination of a presidential candidate, enactment of laws, discussion of government policy, approval of general budget and development plans, and ratification of treaties.

People's Council (Majlis al-Shaab) members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system.

4 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Ensuring regime survival, maintaining influence among its Arab neighbors, and achieving a comprehensive Arab-Israeli peace settlement, which includes the return of the Golan Heights, are the primary goals of President Asad's foreign policy. Vocal Turkish and Arab League criticism of the Asad regime’s repression of protests has drastically limited Syrian influence in the region.

Regional Trade Blocs: Arab League

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ABEDA AFESD AMF CAEU FAO G-24
G-77 IAEA IBRD ICAO ICC ICRM
IDA IDB IFAD IFC IFRCS IHO
ILO IMF IMO Interpol IOC IPU
ISO ITSO ITU MIGA NAM OAPEC
OIC UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO UNRWA
UNWTO UPU WCO WFTU WHO WIPO
WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Environmental Modification
Hazardous Wastes Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary