Syria: History

  1. 1918

    400 years of Ottoman rule ends after Arab and British forces seize the Syrian capital city of Damascus. 

  2. 1920

    Following the end of World War I, Syria is placed under French mandate.

  3. 1936

    France and Syria sign a treat agreeing on Syrian independence, however, France maintains their military and economic dominance. 

  4. 1945

    Syria becomes one of the founding members of the Arab League which the French troops slowly withdraw from Syria.

  5. 1946

    The Last troops leave Syria following World War II.

  6. 1958

    Syria cedes its sovereignty to join the United Arab Republic (UAR) headed by the Egyptian president. 

  7. 2004

    The United States imposes economic sanctions on Syria for supporting terrorism and failing to stop militants from entering Iraq.

  8. 2009

    Trading opens on Syria's stock exchange, a move towards liberalizing state run economy. 

  9. 2011

    Protests against the government arise and the government responds with violence leading to the destabilization of the entire country.


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