• 400 years of Ottoman rule ends after Arab and British forces seize the Syrian capital city of Damascus. 

  • Following the end of World War I, Syria is placed under French mandate.

  • France and Syria sign a treat agreeing on Syrian independence, however, France maintains their military and economic dominance. 

  • Syria becomes one of the founding members of the Arab League which the French troops slowly withdraw from Syria.

  • The Last troops leave Syria following World War II.

  • Syria cedes its sovereignty to join the United Arab Republic (UAR) headed by the Egyptian president. 

  • The United States imposes economic sanctions on Syria for supporting terrorism and failing to stop militants from entering Iraq.

  • Trading opens on Syria's stock exchange, a move towards liberalizing state-run economy.

  • Protests against the government arise and the government responds with violence leading to the destabilization of the entire country.


BBC News open_in_new
Britannica open_in_new