Due to the ongoing conflict in Syria, the information on these pages may not reflect current conditions in the country.
(by per capita GNI) Source: The World Bank
Possible values: High Income, Upper Middle Income, Lower Middle Income and Low Income
|Lower Middle Income|
Level of Development
Source: United Nations
Possible values: Developed, In Transition and Developing
Syria is the most significant producer of crude oil in the Eastern Mediterranean.
Source: United Nations Comtrade
Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.
|Top Industries Source: CIA World Factbook||
Petroleum; Textiles; Food Processing; Beverages
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) 
|GDP, PPP (current international)||$121,752,472,312 (2012)|
|GDP Growth Rate (annual %)||3.748% (2019)|
|GDP Per Capita, PPP (current international)||$5,436 (2012)|
GDP Country Rank 82/197 (2012)
GDP Composition %
Economic Indicators 
|Inflation, consumer prices (annual %)||36.702% (2012)|
|External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$)||$4,763,248,269 (2020)|
|Total tax rate (% of commercial profits)||42.7% (2019)|
|Real Interest Rate (5 year average %)||3.422% (2010)|
|Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP)||7.659% (2002)|
|Current Account Balance (BoP, current US$)||($367,388,473) (2010)|
Labor and Employment 
|Labor Force, Total||5,165,789 (2020)|
|Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment)||10.494% (2020)|
|Employment in Industry (% of total employment)||26.508% (2020)|
|Employment in Services (% of total employment)||62.998% (2020)|
|Unemployment Rate||9.03% (2020)|
|Imports of goods and services (current US$)||$6,442,273,656 (2019)|
|Exports of goods and services (current US$)||$2,891,395,418 (2019)|
|Total Merchandise Trade (% of GDP)||31.57% (2019)|
|FDI, net inflows (BoP, current US$)||$804,162,635 (2011)|
|Commercial Service Exports (current US$)||$7,040,371,020 (2010)|
Economic Snapshot 
Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years.
How to interpret the graph: The purpose of this graph is to take a snapshot of a country’s economy in comparison to other economies. For example, Syria’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. For Exports, FDI and GDP measures, a higher rank (closer to 100%) indicates a stronger economy. Conversely, for Unemployment and Inflation, a lower rank (closer to 0%) indicates a stronger economy.