People [1]

People

Population 18,269,868 (2017)
Population Growth Rate -0.875 annual % (2017)
Age Dependency Ratio 69.262 % of working-age population (2017)
Urban Population 53.5 % of total (2017)
Infant Mortality Rate 14 per 1,000 live births (2017)
Life Expectancy at Birth 70.31 years (2016)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2017)

Energy [2]

Electricity

Ranking
Production 17 billion kWh (2016) #82
Consumption 14 billion kWh (2016) #81
Exports 0.3 billion kWh (2015) #75
Imports 0 billion kWh (2016) #105
Renewable Electricity Generation 0.9 billion kWh (2016) #110

Oil

Ranking
Production 18 thousand bbl/day (2017) #79
Consumption 140 thousand bbl/day (2016) #68
Exports (Refined) [3] 0 thousand bbl/day (2013) #87
Imports (Refined) [3] 58.26 thousand bbl/day (2013) #55
Proved Reserves (Crude) 2.5 billion bbl (2018) #29

Natural Gas

Ranking
Production (Gross) 219 billion cu ft (2015) #52
Consumption (Dry) 132 billion cu ft (2017) #67
Exports (Dry) 0 billion cu ft (2017) #56
Imports (Dry) 0 billion cu ft (2017) #78
Proved Reserves 8.5 trillion cu ft (2018) #41

Other [3]

Technology

Airports 90 (2013)
Cellular Telephones 12,350,927 (2016 est.)
Highways 69,873 km (2010)
Internet Users 5,476,850 (2016 est.)
Railways 2,052 km (2014)
Telephones 3,464,846 (2016 est.)

Geography & Environment

LocationMiddle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Lebanon and Turkey
Total Area185,180 sq. km
Land Area183,630 sq. km
Water Area1,550 sq. km
Coastline193 km
Climatemostly desert; hot, dry, sunny summers (June to August) and mild, rainy winters (December to February) along coast; cold weather with snow or sleet periodically in Damascus
Terrainprimarily semiarid and desert plateau; narrow coastal plain; mountains in west
Lowest Pointunnamed location near Lake Tiberias -200 m
Highest Point Mount Hermon 2,814 m

Sources

  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 7/6/2018
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 12/5/2017