People [1]

People

Population 17,500,657 (2020)
Population Growth Rate 2.491 annual % (2020)
Age Dependency Ratio 55.398 % of working-age population (2020)
Urban Population 55.475 % of total (2020)
Infant Mortality Rate 17.9 per 1,000 live births (2019)
Life Expectancy at Birth 72.697 years (2019)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2020)

Energy [2]

Electricity

Ranking
Production 17.105 billion kWh (2019) #86
Consumption 13.071 billion kWh (2019) #87
Exports 0.347 billion kWh (2019) #80
Imports 0 billion kWh (2019) #116
Renewable Electricity Generation 0.783 billion kWh (2020) #122

Oil

Ranking
Production 43.431 thousand bbl/day (2020) #62
Consumption 137.867 thousand bbl/day (2019) #68
Exports (Refined) [3] 0 thousand bbl/day (2013) #87
Imports (Refined) [3] 58.26 thousand bbl/day (2013) #55
Proved Reserves (Crude) 2.5 billion bbl (2021) #30

Natural Gas

Ranking
Production (Gross) 218.953 billion cu ft (2015) #52
Consumption (Dry) 124.699 billion cu ft (2019) #71
Exports (Dry) 0 billion cu ft (2020) #57
Imports (Dry) 0 billion cu ft (2020) #85
Proved Reserves 8.5 trillion cu ft (2021) #40

Other [3]

Technology

Airports 90 (2013)
Cellular Telephones 17,129,676 (2018 est.)
Highways 69,873 km (2010)
Internet Users 5,476,851 (2016 est.)
Railways 2,052 km (2052)
Telephones 2,740,000 (2018 est.)

Geography & Environment

LocationMiddle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Lebanon and Turkey
Total Area187,437 sq. km
Land Area185,887 sq. km
Water Area1,550 sq. km
Coastline193 km
Climatemostly desert; hot, dry, sunny summers (June to August) and mild, rainy winters (December to February) along coast; cold weather with snow or sleet periodically in Damascus
Terrainprimarily semiarid and desert plateau; narrow coastal plain; mountains in west
Lowest Pointunnamed location near Lake Tiberias -208 m
Highest Point Mount Hermon (Jabal a-Shayk) 2,814 m

Sources

  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 10/3/2021
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 5/9/2020