People [1]

People

Population 16,906,283 (2018)
Population Growth Rate -0.952 annual % (2018)
Age Dependency Ratio 56.066 % of working-age population (2018)
Urban Population 54.162 % of total (2018)
Infant Mortality Rate 14 per 1,000 live births (2018)
Life Expectancy at Birth 70.967 years (2017)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2018)

Energy [2]

Electricity

Ranking
Production 17.207 billion kWh (2017) #83
Consumption 14.279 billion kWh (2017) #82
Exports 0.543 billion kWh (2017) #68
Imports 0 billion kWh (2017) #112
Renewable Electricity Generation 0.779 billion kWh (2017) #119

Oil

Ranking
Production 27.935 thousand bbl/day (2018) #74
Consumption 120.03 thousand bbl/day (2017) #74
Exports (Refined) [3] 0 thousand bbl/day (2013) #87
Imports (Refined) [3] 58.26 thousand bbl/day (2013) #55
Proved Reserves (Crude) 2.5 billion bbl (2019) #29

Natural Gas

Ranking
Production (Gross) 218.953 billion cu ft (2015) #52
Consumption (Dry) 132.396 billion cu ft (2017) #67
Exports (Dry) 0 billion cu ft (2017) #56
Imports (Dry) 0 billion cu ft (2017) #79
Proved Reserves 8.5 trillion cu ft (2019) #40

Other [3]

Technology

Airports 90 (2013)
Cellular Telephones 12,350,927 (2016 est.)
Highways 69,873 km (2010)
Internet Users 5,476,850 (2016 est.)
Railways 2,052 km (2014)
Telephones 3,464,846 (2016 est.)

Geography & Environment

LocationMiddle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Lebanon and Turkey
Total Area185,180 sq. km
Land Area183,630 sq. km
Water Area1,550 sq. km
Coastline193 km
Climatemostly desert; hot, dry, sunny summers (June to August) and mild, rainy winters (December to February) along coast; cold weather with snow or sleet periodically in Damascus
Terrainprimarily semiarid and desert plateau; narrow coastal plain; mountains in west
Lowest Pointunnamed location near Lake Tiberias -200 m
Highest Point Mount Hermon 2,814 m

Sources

  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 9/6/2019
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 12/5/2017