The Portuguese invade Timor and use the island as a trading post.
Following a revolution in Portugal, the Portuguese government begins a rapid decolonization process in most of its overseas territories, including East Timor.
At the end of a short civil war, East Timor declares independence. A month later, Indonesia invades and takes control of Timor.
International donors agree to provide $520 million to help rebuild East Timor.
Timor-Leste and Australia sign a memorandum of understanding which states that Timor-Leste will receive 90% of future revenues from oil and gas fields under the Timor Sea.
Timor-Leste gains its independence from Indonesia.
Timor-Leste becomes a member of the United Nations.
Indonesia and Timor-Leste sign a landmark border agreement during a visit to Timor-Leste by Indonesia's president.
Timor-Leste applies to join the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).