• The Portuguese invade Timor and use the island as a trading post.

  • Timor splits following a battle between the Portuguese and Dutch. Portugal controls the eastern region.

  • The Japanese invade and take control of the country during World War II.


  • Over 100,000 killed when an earthquake devastates Ashgabat.


  • Indonesia invades the country and takes control of the region.

  • East Timor is declared.


  • Timor-Leste gains its independence from Indonesia.

  • Timor-Leste becomes a member of the United Nations.
  • Portugal grants a $63 million aid package. The production at offshore gas fields and the Bayu Undan project begins and is expected to earn $100 million a year.

  • Timor-Leste applies to join the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).

  • In late 2012, the UN Security Council ended its peacekeeping mission in Timor-Leste and both the ISF and UNMIT departed the country. 


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