Key Figures

Chief of State:
President Taur Matan Ruak
Head of Government:
Prime Minister Rui Maria de Araújo

Overview

Government Name:
Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste
Constitution:
Adopted: 2002; Recognizes Timor-Leste as an independent republic after centuries of Portuguese colonization from the 16th century. The Constitution contains provisions regarding intellectual property.
Government Type:
Republic
Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste Flag
Coat of Arms of Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste

Government Control of Economy

45.483 Scale ranks countries on a basis of 1-100, with 100 representing the greatest amount of economic autonomy from government intervention.
Source: Heritage Foundation, http://www.heritage.org/index/heatmap (2015)

Country Risk Rating

E The highest-risk political and economic situation and the most difficult business environment. Corporate default is likely.
Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle 1
Executive

Powers are somewhat limited by the constitution, but is able to veto legislation which can be overridden by the parliament.

President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system, prime minister is appointed by the president.

5 years

Judicial

Independent courts, described as organs of sovereignty with competencies to administer justice in the name of the people.

Appointed by president.

4 years

Legislative

Pass relevant, well drafted legislation in a timely manner, provide a counterbalance to the powers of the presidency, and establish and maintain proper, efficient and effective communication between the various branches of government.

National Parliament members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Timor-Leste joined the United Nations on September 27, 2002. It is pursuing membership in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and became a member of the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) in July 2005. Timor-Leste's foreign policy places high priority on its relationships with Indonesia; neighbors such as Australia, Malaysia, and Singapore; and friendly countries and donors such as the United States, China, the European Union, Japan, and Portugal.

Regional Trade Blocs: No Regional Trade Blocs.

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ACP ADB AOSIS ARF ASEAN CPLP
EITI ESCAP FAO G-77 IBRD ICAO
ICRM IDA IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO
IMF IMO Interpol IOC IOM IPU
ITU MIGA NAM OPCW PIF UN
UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO Union Latina UNMISS UNWTO
UPU WCO WHO WMO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Information 2

Tax Authority:
Information not available
Tax Name:
Information not available

Sources:

  1. ElectionGuide http://www.electionguide.org/
  2. EY, http://www.ey.com

CIA World Factbook open_in_new and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets open_in_new except where stated otherwise.