The German protectorate of Togoland is established and forced labor is used to develop plantations.
British and French forces take control of Togoland.
The League of Nations gives Britain a mandate over the western part of Togoland and France a mandate over the eastern part.
Togo gains its independence.
France, Germany, and the United States suspend aid in an effort to press for democratic reforms.
The European Union restores partial diplomatic relations that were broken in 1993 because of violence and democratic shortcomings.