Ukraine: Government

Due to the ongoing political unrest and annexation of Crimea by Russia, the information on these pages may not reflect current conditions in the country.

Ukraine Flag
Coat of Arms of Ukraine

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Petro Oleksiyovych Poroshenko

Head of Government: Prime Minister Volodymyr Groysman

Overview

Government Name: Ukraine

Constitution: Adopted: 1996; Serves as the fundamental law of Ukraine. Other laws and normative legal acts must conform to the constitution. A special legislative procedure is vested exclusively with parliament in regards to the right to amend the constitution. The Constitutional Court of Ukraine is the only body which may interpret the constitution to determine whether legislation conforms.

Government Type: Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

President represents the nation in international relations, administers the foreign political activity of the state, conducts negotiations and concludes international treaties. Prime Minister can countersign decrees and laws passed by the president.

President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system, Prime Minister is appointed by the president with the approval of the parliament.

5 years

Judicial

Although judicial independence exist in principle, in practice there is little separation of juridical and political powers. Judges are subjected to pressure by political and business interests.

Appointed by parliament.

No term limit

Legislative

Determines the principles of domestic and foreign policy, introduces amendments to the Constitution of Ukraine, adopts laws, approves the state budget, designates elections of the President of Ukraine, impeaches the president, declares war and peace, appoints the Prime Minister of Ukraine, appoints or approves appointment of certain officials, appoints one-third of the Constitutional Court of Ukraine, elects judges for permanent terms, ratifies and denounces international treaties, and exercises certain control functions.

Supreme Council (Verkhovna Rada) 225 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system in a single, nationwide district, while the remaining 225 members are elected in single member districts.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: The Government of Ukraine has stated that European integration is its top foreign policy priority, and closer ties with the EU are broadly popular in Ukraine. The Yanukovych administration has sought to improve relations with Russia and strengthen its strategic partnership with the United States. As noted above, one of the more significant changes in Ukraine’s foreign policy has been the formal adoption of a “non-bloc” policy and abandonment of Ukraine’s formal bid for NATO membership. Seeking to expand trade and investment, Ukraine is also reaching out to non-traditional partners, including countries in Asia, the Americas, and the Middle East.

Regional Trade Blocs: No Regional Trade Blocs.

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

Australia Group BSEC CBSS CD CE CEI
CICA CIS EAEC EAPC EBRD FAO
GCTU GUAM IAEA IBRD ICAO ICC
ICRM IDA IFC IFRCS IHO ILO
IMF IMO IMSO Interpol IOC IOM
IPU ISO ITU ITUC LAIA MIGA
MONUSCO NAM NSG OAS OIF OPCW
OSCE PCA PFP SELEC UN UNCTAD
UNESCO UNIDO UNMIL UNMISS UNWTO UPU
WCO WFTU WHO WIPO WMO WTO
ZC

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Air Pollution Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants Air Pollution-Sulfur 85 Air Pollution-Sulfur 94 Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds
Antarctic Treaty Antarctic-Environmental Protocol Antarctic-Marine Living Resources Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
Desertification Endangered Species Environmental Modification Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea Marine Dumping
Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: State Tax Service of Ukraine

Tax Name: VAT


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary