United Kingdom: Government

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Flag
Coat of Arms of United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Key Figures

Chief of State: Queen Elizabeth II

Head of Government: Prime Minister Theresa May

Overview

Government Name: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Constitution: No written consitution, parliament legally has sovereignty . Un-written consitution focuses on statutes, common law and traditional rights.

Government Type: Constitutional Monarchy and a Commonwealth Realm

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

Power to dismiss and appoint a prime minister, grant Royal Assent to bills, commission officers in the Armed Forces, ratify and make treaties, recognize sttes, and deploy Armed Forces over seas.

Prime minister is elected by parliament.

5 years

Judicial

Has jurisdiction to resolve disputes relating to devolution in the United Kingdom and concerning the legal powers of the three devolved governments (in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland) or laws made by the devolved legislatures.

Appointed by the monarch.

Mandatory retirement age of 80

Legislative

Ministers are a part of the Parliament which is in charge of the primary acts of legislation.

House of Lords are appointed by the monarch and 92 members are hereditary, and the House of Commons are elected by simple majority vote in single-member constituencies.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Promote and protect UK interests internationally and works with other countries to make progress concerning trade, security and economic development.

Regional Trade Blocs: European Union

Treaties: NATO, Common Security and Defense Policy


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ADB AfDB Arctic Council Australia Group BIS C
CBSS CD CDB CE CERN EAPC
EBRD EIB EITI ESA ESCAP EU
FAO FATF G-10 G-20 G-5 G-7
G-8 IADB IAEA IBRD ICAO ICC
ICRM IDA IEA IFAD IFC IFRCS
IGAD IHO ILO IMF IMO IMSO
Interpol IOC IOM IPU ISO ITSO
ITU ITUC MIGA MINUSMA MONUSCO NATO
NEA NSG OAS OECD OPCW OSCE
Pacific Alliance Paris Club PCA PIF SELEC UN
UNCTAD UNESCO UNFICYP UNHCR UNIDO UNISFA
UNMISS UNRWA UNSC UPU WCO WHO
WIPO WMO WTO ZC

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Air Pollution Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants Air Pollution-Sulfur 94 Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds Antarctic Seals
Antarctic Treaty Antarctic-Environmental Protocol Antarctic-Marine Living Resources Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
Desertification Endangered Species Environmental Modification Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea Marine Dumping
Marine Life Conservation Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Tropical Timber 06 Wetlands Whaling

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: HM Revenue and Customs

Tax Name: VAT


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary