Uzbekistan: History

  1. 1876

    Present-day Uzbekistan comes under Russian rule after they capture most of Central Asia.

  2. 1924

    Following the Bolshevik revolution and establishment of the USSR, Central Asia is reorganized into new states, including the Soviet Socialist Republic of Uzbekistan.

  3. 1950s-1980s

    Pushed on by Moscow, Uzbekistan’s cotton production increases greatly. Irrigation systems made for the cotton plantations dries up much of the Aral Sea, one of the world’s greatest environmental disasters.

  4. 1991

    Uzbekistan declares its independence from the Soviet Union.

  5. 1994

    An economic integration treaty is signed with Russia, as well as an economic, military, and social treaty with Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. The treaty with Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan leads to the creation of a single economic market between the three countries.

  6. 2001

    Uzbekistan joins the Shanghai Cooperation Organization with China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan.

  7. 2004

    Uzbekistan loses foreign aid from the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development because of an alleged poor human rights record and slow economic reform.

  8. 2012

    Hundreds of assets held by the government are sold, in an attempt to grow the private sector.


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