Vanuatu: Government

Republic of Vanuatu Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Vanuatu

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Baldwin Lonsdale

Head of Government: Prime Minister Charlot Salwai

Overview

Government Name: Republic of Vanuatu

Constitution: Adopted: 1980; Came into force when the country delcared itself independent. Enumerates certain fundamental freedoms and rights of the individual, establishes a basic citizenship law, and establishes and regulates the country's major political, judicial, and cultural institutions. The electoral franchise is guaranteed as "universal, equal, and secret" and is given to all citizens 18 years and older. Duties of the president are mostly considered ceremonial and roles of other government bodies are delegated.

Government Type: Parliamentary Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

Has sole authority and responsibility for the daily administration of the country and enforce the law.

President is elected by an electoral college and the prime minister is elected by parliament.

5 years

Judicial

Jurisdiction to provide binding interpretations of the constitution.

Appointment by president.

2 years

Legislative

Power to give, adopt or amend laws, as well as approve the nation's budget.

Members are elected by single non-transferable vote.

4 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: The government's main concern has been to bolster the economy. In keeping with its need for financial assistance, Vanuatu has joined the Asian Development Bank, the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, and the Agence de Cooperation Culturelle et Technique. The government encourages private enterprise, foreign investment, and producer cooperatives. Like other developing countries, Vanuatu is particularly interested in enterprises that add value to local primary products and that provide employment. In less lucrative sectors, the government sets up its own production companies or enters joint ventures with foreign investors.

Regional Trade Blocs: No Regional Trade Blocs.

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ACP ADB AOSIS C ESCAP FAO
G-77 IBRD ICAO ICRM IDA IFC
IFRCS ILO IMF IMO IMSO IOC
IOM ITU ITUC MIGA NAM OAS
OIF OPCW PIF Sparteca SPC UN
UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO UNWTO UPU WCO
WFTU WHO WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Antarctic-Marine Living Resources Desertification Endangered Species
Law of the Sea Marine Dumping Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary